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architectural features of temples of bengal

architectural features of temples of bengal

A paved floor at the ground level takes the place of the plinth. Most of us have surely seen these West Bengal temple photos and been mesmerized by its architecture so let’s dive deep into learning more about some of the most alluring temples in West Bengal. The flat-roofed (dalan) temples “with their heavy cornices on S-curved brackets they too have a long Indo-Islamic place and temple tradition” and then was influenced by European ideas in the 19th century. These temples have a main cylindrical tower, called the Rotno, which is surrounded on four sides by subsidiary towers, also cylindrical. Temple architecture of Bengalby Sibabrata Halder and Manju Halder is an interdisciplinary attempt at understanding various forms of architecture that came into being out of various cultural matrices right from the 5thto the 19thcentury AD. All the images/idols of the gods of Bishnupur temple were congregated in the Ras-Manch during the annual Ras festival. Little did I know, that this grandiose-yet-familial House of the Gods, was a fragrant reminiscent of the glorious tradition of the land of Bengal. The Dol Moncho near the Damodar Mondir in Rautara. Basically, Nagara Style of Architecture is North-India Temple Style. Double-roof (dochala) and the four-roof (chauchala); The important architectural features of the temples in Bengal were the double-roof (dochala) and the four-roof (chauchala). Another extremely interesting structure is the Deul, which has captivating origins. Initially, local deities were worshipped in thatched huts in villages. The Char bangla temple stands on a 1.5 feet high base, with its four temples showing two roofed Bengal chala (do chala), thus giving it the name of Char bangla, a unique style not seen elsewhere. The Chala comes in a few variants, like the Douchala, Chaarchala, Atchala and Barochala, with each having 2, 4, 8 and 12 sloping roofs respectively. In the Dravidian Style of architecture, the chief shrine of the temple as in the Nagara Style had the chief deity. The palatial Chhoto Rashabari, standing tall almost opposite my house, had always caught my eye and attention, as it silently watched over this cosy little place. Chitralekha representing our indigenous culture. Image Source/Courtesy: tripadvisor.com. Bahulara Ancient Temple, Bankura district, 8th-11th century, Sat Deul, Purba Bardhaman district, 10th century, Jatar Deul, South 24 Parganas, 11th century, Banda Deul, Purulia district, 11th century, Ichhai Ghosher Deul at Gourangapur, Paschim Bardhaman district, 16-17th century. At-chala. The ek-bangla or do-chala consists of a hut with two sloping roofs, following the pattern of huts, mostly in East Bengal villages. Architecture of Bengal ... (plaster + concrete). Those terracotta temples can be classified according to their architectural differences of roof styles. What are the Important architectural features of the temples of Bengal? One of the other names of the Dalan is the Chandni (চাঁদনী), which again has decorative carvings in various parts of its structure, and is just one block of monument. An impressive Jor-Bangla (with the Rotno on top) in the heritage town of Bishnupur, built in 1655, by King Raghunath Singh of the Mallabhum Dynasty, which ruled the present Bakura District of Bengal, with Bishnupur as their State’s Capital, hence of site of numerous architectural wonders. This is not a temple for any particular deity. Answer: Architectural features of the temples of Bengal: Double roofed or dochala, four roofed (chauchala). The distinct architectural style of temple construction in different parts was a result of geographical, climatic, ethnic, racial, historical and linguistic diversities. The roofing style of Bengali Hindu temple architecture is unique and closely related to the paddy roofed traditional building style of rural Bengal. My India My Glory does not assume any responsibility for the validity or information shared in this article by the author. During the following two centuries a distinctive Bengali culture took shape.”[1], The temples of the pre-Muslim period have nearly all disappeared and from the few that are there the predominant is the tall curvilinear rekha deul, akin to the Odishan style. Iskcon Temple. Two identical Shiva temples are called a Jora Shiva temple. Throughout Bengal, temples were established to hold the Brahmanas of local gods.. Built under Narasimhavarman II in the 8th century, it’s the earliest significant free-standing stone temple in Tamil Nadu. The Terracotta Temples of Bengal, famous for the use of Terracotta Plaques for surface decoration, had developed a unique style of architecture, quite distinct from the major styles of temple architecture that was prevailing in India. It is evident that the Pallava Rulers started building temples in Southen India but the Dravidian Style flourished during the rule of Cholas.. The Rash Moncho of Bishnupur, built in the year 1600 AD by Mallabhum King Hambir Malla Dev. Built on a square platform. Every temple of Bangladesh in not only a document of architectural art, but also a witness to Bengali aspirations-refected in their varied styles of construction. The assembly hall is called jagamohan, through which the devotees reach the main temple. These two features are further similar to the North-Indian Shikhar, a conical or cylindrical (tapered towards the end) monument which is constructed as the main area of the temple, which, as mentioned earlier, is the Garbhagriha. This village in the Bankura District has numerous temples scattered all across it, terracotta being the main component of building construction. It consists of nine spires distributed in two levels. Stone deul at Ambikanagar, Bankura district, was originally a Jain temple some 800-900 years old. Rasmancha is a unique brick temple built by Malla King Vir Hambir in 1600 CE. This temple structure is probably the oldest out of all Bengali Hindu temples. Bishnupur Temple – Krishna Ponchorotno Mondir, built by the king aforementioned, Raja Raghunath Singh. No systematic enquiry has been in this important field which remained neglected. Another arresting style is the Jor-Bangla temple (জোড়-বাংলা), which is the combination of two Douchala temples which are placed absolutely adjacently to each other. Temple of Bengal: Material Style & temple Architecture of Bengal, Technological Evaluation. The area that is occupied by the main temple is 14 meters square. It is said that this masterpiece is one of its kind in entire West Bengal. | EduRev Class 7 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 171 Class 7 Students. This granite cluster of temples, named because they face the Bay of Bengal, were built around 700 A.D. Their design defied conventionality at the time because they were structural and not rock-cut. Model Answer : Temple architecture provides a narrative of the history and… Most temples surviving in reasonable condition date from about the 17th century onwards, after temple building revived; it had stopped after the Muslim conquest in the 13th century. Architectural features of the temples of Bengal: Double roofed or dochala, four roofed (chauchala). Roofing styles include the jor-bangla, do-chala, char-chala, at-chala, deul, ek-ratna, pancharatna and navaratna. The purpose of both these Monchos is almost the same: they serve as temporary, occasional temples for Bhagwan Sri Krishna and even Radhaji, when both these Gods are brought to these locations from their main temples from across the town where they are situated permanently, for the celebration of Dol Jatra (Holi in the North), and thus the festival is called Jatra as the Gods travel in a grand palanquin from their chief temple to the Dol Moncho in the Swing Festival. Christian Illegal Cemetery Close to Uchistha Ganpaty Temple. Some International Magazine on Art & terracotta panels are badly affected by the Design. produced€substantial€evidence€to€have€an€idea€about€the€lost€and€forgotten€architecture of€ancient€Bengal.€On€the€ basis€ of€such€ finds€ it€has€ been€possible€to€identify€ free standing€columns,€pavillions,€pavillions€with€vault,€toranas,€vedikas€and€curved€roofs with€finials€on€the€top,€all€dated€between� It seems architecture was a canvas for sculptors. What are the important architectural features of the temples of Bengal? The number of towers or pinnacles can be increased up to a maximum of twentyfive. The Barochala is relatively rarer. This surreal land called Bangla. The most elaborate groups existing have 108 Shiva temples. Comparative more complex-four roofed structures-four triangular roofs placed on four walls moved up to coverage on curved line or a point. The most common type of temple is the Atchala, where the Chaarchala roof, has a pyramidal four slope-roofed (like a Chaarchala roof), mini monument on top of it, like a Rotno,  which will be talked about later. Terracotta Temple, Bishnupur, West Bengal. Rotno Mondirs come in odd number categories always: Ekrotno (1-Spired), Ponchorotno (5-Spired), Noborotno (very common type, 9-Spired), Ekadoshrotno (11-Spired) and the Ponchodoshrotno (15-Spired). The interior of the temple has a vaulted roof. Since I was a child, I was always fascinated by the conspicuous shape and structure of the magnanimously constructed temples of Bengal. The Krishna-Raya Atchala Mondir at Kachrapara. [1], The Odisha temple is considered remarkable for its plan and elevation. The Rash Moncho is a distinctive type of temple which is constituted by a four sided, square-like, pillared enclosure within which stands a monument, which can either be a Rotno tower, or probably any other structure. George Michell is the author of Architecture of the Islamic World, Brick Temples of Bengal, andThe Penguin Guide to the Monuments of India, Volume I. [1], “Ratna style temples are the composite type of architecture… The lower part of the temple has all the features of the curved cornices and a short pointed spire crowns the roof and this will be adorned with the introduction of ratnas or kiosks.”[3], Ek-ratna Ramchandraji temple at Guptipara, Hooghly district, Ek-ratna temple at Radhakantapur, Paschim Medinipur district, Pancha-ratna Shyam Rai temple at Bishnupur, Bankura district, Nava-ratna Radha Binode temple at Jaydev Kenduli, Birbhum district, With 13 minars Hangseshwari temple has a distinct identity, at Bansberia, Hooghly district, Saptadasa-ratna Parvatinatha Temple at Chandrakona, Paschim Medinipur district with 17 pinnacles, Panchavimsati-ratna Gopalbari temple at Kalna City, Purba Bardhaman district, with 25 pinnacles, Panchavimsati-ratna rasmancha at Narajole, Paschim Medinipur district, with 25 pinnacles. Rotno Mondirs are again a classic architectural type of temples in Bengal. Think of a Char … The architecture of Bishnupur is inspired by a coalescence of styles and cultures from surrounding regions. This was after prolonged exposure to Islam. The At-chala can be best described as a variation of the Char-chala temple. Image Courtesy/Source: Wikimedia. The Bengali Deul, is intriguingly similar to its southern sister, the Oriya Deula, both almost identical designs of the construction under which the Moorti is kept, or the Garbhagriha area. • Neoclassical and Italianate urban and country houses influenced temple architecture later in Colonial period. It is a Ponchodoshrotno Temple, in other words, a 15-Spired Temple. heavy rainfall and extreme humidity, as a 6. The Temples of Bishnupur. … in this important field which remained neglected and elevation •Bengal was established in 1203-1573 AD terracotta panels are in! A 6 pressents selected 35 Hindu temples temple at Nachnabuthara in Madhya Pradesh its plan and.. 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