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simulation study on solar pv energy system

simulation study on solar pv energy system

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, Modelling of a calcium-looping fluidized bed reactor system for carbon dioxide removal from flue gas, Perceived risk, environmental attitude and fertilizer application by vegetable farmers in China, The quantitative assessment of the effects of the morphology of urban complexes on the thermal comfort using the PMV/PPD model (a case study of Gheytariyeh neighborhood in Tehran), Thermal analysis for an experimental study of a cylindrical vertical solar chimney with internal PVC obstacles, Machine learning approach to extract building footprint from high-resolution images: the case study of Makkah, Saudi Arabia, About International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies, http://doi.org/10.1016/j.reffit.2017.02.002, http://doi.org/10.1016/j.reffit.2016.11.013, https://www.freemaptools.com/area-calculator.htm, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/, Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic, ABB, ULTRA 1500-TL-OUTD-2-US-690-M/S-DNVKEMA, PV modules (19 228 units) [8060 INR/unit], Annual running costs: maintenance, insurances, Total yearly cost (including load repayment). After a few decades we will be out of all the non-renewable sources which makes us to depend on solar energy (Haque, et al., 2013) more and more as time goes by. A solar photovoltaic system (PV system) is a power system designed to supply usable solar power by means of photovoltaics. The operating characteristics of the inverter are 470–900 V operating voltage. This research is aimed at fulfilling the research gap of comprehensive and complete feasibility analysis of solar campus which is missing in previous research. Several active and passive technologies have been suggested but few quantitative studies on the estimation of the cooling effect have been carried out. Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal. But, it gives the option to input the values and rates as per the user convenience. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide, This PDF is available to Subscribers Only. This section covers the significant aspects of the design and simulation of the PV system.The various components of the solar PV plant are shown in Figure 2. Free open space area of the campus including rooftop area is inspected through geographical coordinates utilizing the NASA surface meteorology data and Google SketchUp. Area and plant generation capacity of each selected site. . Due to the current-limiting nature and nonlinear output characteristics of PV arrays, faults in PV arrays may no… It is a ratio of field yield to the reference yield. The article presents a feasibility analysis of 5 MW Solar Photovoltaic Power Plant for a Higher Educational Institute campus MANIT, Bhopal, India (one of the Institutes of National importance under MHRD, Govt of India) to become self-sufficient in terms of energy requirements. In order for effective integration of the solar PV systems with the In this paper a solar PV system is ... and design a PV system. Abstract: In current global energy scenario, renewable energy sources can play an important role in meeting the ever increasing energy demand. C. Huang, L. Wang, Simulation study on the degradation process of photovoltaic ... A detailed performance model for photovoltaic systems. Made by the developers of the full featured market leading PV simulation software PV*SOL, this online tool lets you input basic data like Location of your system, Load profile and annual energy consumption, PV module data (manufacturer, model, orientation, quantity etc. The total area occupied by the cell is 28 076 m2, this is the area which actually absorbs the solar radiation. Fault analysis in solar photovoltaic (PV) arrays is a fundamental task to increase reliability, efficiency, and safety in PV systems and, if not detected, may not only reduce power generation and accelerated system aging but also threaten the availability of the whole system. Photovoltaic (PV) array which is composed of modules is considered as the fundamental power conversion unit of a PV generator system. Solar module: There are different types of solar panels used in the industry. Circuit model of photovoltaic (PV) module is presented in this paper that can be used as a common platform by material scientists and power electronic circuit designers to develop better PV power plant. The number of distributed solar photovoltaic (PV) installations, in particular, is growing rapidly. . The DC to AC capacity ratio is taken to be 1.11, whereas AC losses (%) are taken to be 1.0. The University of Freiburg is one of the best Universities in Europe and has partnered with one of the world’s best research institutes in Solar Energy - Fraunhofer ISE - to provide innovative, insightful and tailored training. Around 5803 MWh is supplied to the grid and around 2500 MWh to the user, while it takes 3319 MWh from the grid. It is assumed that running cost will be 1 lakh per year. Based on the examination of the efficiency of solar plants, this study focuses on three main plants: a photovoltaic (PV) plant, a concentrated solar power (CSP) plant, and a hybrid PV/CSP plant. MANIT, Bhopal is 23.2499°, so the tilt angle is taken to be ~23°. Solar resource + prefeasibility PV modeling in one platform Popular simulation software such as PVsyst have advanced capabilities for system design and energy modeling. [12] showed the recent developments of India in the solar energy sector. Shiva Kumar and Sudhakar [9] validated the results obtained by PVSyst and PV-GIS software with the measured data of the performance of the Utility scale PV plant. Similarly, Khatri [6] performed a financial assessment of solar PV plant for girls hostel building as a case study. Solar powered electrical generation relies on photovoltaic system and heat engines. Also, this land is unused and not included in the any of the developmental projects under consideration. This paper aims to study the effects of connecting a PV system to the grid through simulation of the system in RSCSD software Here, PVSyst is giving higher power and performance ratio than SAM, which is around 27.43% in terms of power generated and around 8.86% in terms of performance ratio. The total area occupied by the cell is 28 076 m2. Sharma V, Kannan G. An assessment of carbon footprint at BITS Pilani, Dubai Campus and Proposed Green Campus Initiative. Blair N, Dobos AP, Freeman J, et al. Integrated energy system simulation is an approach in which researchers approach a multi-system energy challenge holistically rather than looking at each of the systems in isolation. It comes out to be maximum in the month of August which is more than 600 MWh, and minimum in the month of January, i.e. For the large-scale plant, polycrystalline modules are most commonly used. The total monthly energy consumption and instantaneous maximum demand of that month were taken for analysis. The rapid growth of the solar industry over the past several years has expanded the significance of photovoltaic (PV) systems. A. Chouder, S. Silvestre, Automatic supervision and fault detection of PV systems based on power losses analysis. [4] compared the different technologies for residential PV plants and concluded that amorphous technologies give satisfactory performance ratio. MANIT, due to its large area and academic activity, requires a huge amount of energy and pays ~30–60 lakh electricity bill with some seasonal variation. 13. Solar PV technology has a limited lifespan of 25 years. The slight difference in the results obtained is expressed in percentage as shown in Table 9. This paper presents a dynamic thermal model based on DesignBuilder simulation software platform, for a simple office building model with an integrated ventilated PV façade/solar air collector system in climatic conditions of Bratislava, Slovakia. Currently (as of 31 October 2016), India produces 8.53 GW electricity through solar power [2]. The maximum produced energy is found to be in the month of March closely followed by April. Results show that, the yearly load is 5819 MWh out of which 2500.3 MWh is supplied from the plant. Figure 9, shows the distribution of electricity from the system as well as to the grid. Simulation results are vali… Figure 6 and Table 3 shows the proposed free area available in the campus which combinedly comes around 123.524 acres. solar cell and analysis of the simulated current-voltage (I-V) and power-voltage (P-V) curves using MATLAB scripts and Simulink graphical simulation environment. =(Average maximum demand in KVA)/(Power factor), =(Daily power required)/((Average sunlight hours) ∗ (Performance ratio)). The average maximum requirement of the campus was determined. It is taken to be 9762.3T CO 2 for the given module and plant size. So, for the requirement of electricity and self-sufficiency of the Institute, there is enough area available. SketchUp Modelling for PV system grid connected solar PV systems was developed. With a average solar day of 5 hours, 800 watts times 5 hours equals 4000 watts or 4 KiloWatts (4KW). Figure 10 shows the various losses considered for the system and are expressed in percentage. The issue of efficiency decrease according to temperature increase is a pending problem in the PV market. A grid-connected solar PV system consists of solar cells for energy extraction from the sun and power converters for grid interface. De Lorenzo proposes different configurations such as solar position tracker system, off-grid and on-grid with option a light simulator in order to irradiate the solar … The panels are connected in a fashion of 19 modules in series and 1012 such strings in parallel. Academics and researchers on clean energy PVWatts is a cloud based Solar PV System simulation software and was initially released in 2016 (4 years ago). Also there is a scarcity of data related to the development of the sustainable green campus in India.This research work is carried out to address the gap in the research and propose sustainable MANIT campus through a case study. The unit nominal power is of 1500 kWac. The minimum energy supplied to the user is in the month of February which is 146.6 MWh. The performance of the hybrid system is evaluated under different wind … Further, Dawn et al. Modeling technique assist researchers and manufactures to understand the PV system. a 1MW grid-connected solar PV system for KNUST (Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology)-Ghana. For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription. System modeling and simulation using OpenModelica Analysis and discussion Conclusion and future works Majority of the results presented here have been already published in: A. M. Dizqah, K. Busawon, P. Fritzson, “Acausal Modeling and Simulation of the Standalone Solar Power Systems as Hybrid DAEs”, The 53rd Intl. The final published version is copyrighted by IEEE and available as: V. Rallabandi, N. Alawhali, O. Akeyo, and D. M. Ionel, “Simulation Studies for a Multi-MW Hybrid Wind-Solar PV System for Desalination Plants,” 2018 IEEE International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications (ICRERA), Paris,2018, pp. It deals with grid-connected, stand-alone, pumping and DC-grid (public transportation) PV systems, and includes extensive meteonorm and PV systems components databases, as well as general solar energy tools. Therefore, the total inverter capacity is of 4500 kWac.The maximum energy supplied to the user is in the month of May, which is 278.2 MWh. PVsyst is designed to be used by architects, engineers, and … PVSyst: PVsyst V6.49 is a PC software package for the study, sizing and data analysis of complete PV systems. Self-sufficiency of the Institute campus will be a pioneering step in the context of sustainable development and India's contribution to the UN sustainable development goals 2015. Sudhakar K, Srivastava T, Satpathy G, et al. DC losses are taken to be 4.4%. There is an ambitious target to generate 175 GW of renewable energy electricity by 2022, of which 100 GW of electricity is to be generated from solar energy [1]. Land area is assessed for rooftop and land based solar installation. After simulation, software predicts the results for complete life, but mainly results of the first year are shown in Table 6. Solar energy is the most abundant renewable resource. Therefore, the technology to detect and diagnose faults inside solar arrays is emerging, the present paper proposes several expressions that help to detect and diagnose failures using a proposed algorithm. pumping systems study, even for not quite expert engineers. Given that the PV Solar Array Simulator was simulated for different PV Array sources, and having as the argument the power obtained at the output of PV Panel is decide the superiority of PV Array model using experimental data over the PV Array model using first principles Simulink. Solar Energy Solar energy is the most abundant source of energy; it is an inexhaustible energy source which is also environmentally friendly. It is shown that electricity to the load attached, is maximum in months of May and June, whereas minimum in the months of August and February. The solar module used for simulation is based on polycrystalline one. Large-scale deployment of the renewable energy system in India is required to achieve a target of 175 GW of green electricity by 2022. System advisor model, SAM 2014.1.14: General Description, Technical Report, NREL, February. In order to overcome these obstacles, common and simple models of solar panel have … Available in multiple languages. The study is based on design of solar PV system and a case study based on cost analysis of 1.0 kW off-grid photovoltaic energy system installed at Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi (28.5616° N, 77.2802° E, and about 293 m above sea level) India. From these parameters, consumption pattern and average electricity charges are calculated. The systems have been designed varies from small to Large scale. This study also analyzes the system from a numerical point of view, including a thermo-economic dynamic simulation model for the design and the assessment of energy performance and economic profitability of the solar systems consisting of glazed PVT and PV collectors. This is because, the software assumes that total load is distributed for every hour of the day for a complete month and solar energy is not available for 24 h a day. CO2 emission balance total: 173 318.0 tCO2. 48 crores, and a payback period of the plant is 4.7 years. Solar Energy J. Similarly, system losses are also given and average comes out to be 0.13 kWh/kWp/day. This paper presents an easier approach for modelling a 10.44 kW grid connected photovoltaic (PV) system using MATLAB/Simulink. ... to conduct a detailed PV system design and simulation. INSEL - is software for planning, monitoring and visualising energy systems. The main aim of this paper is to locate and analyze the feasibility of developing 100% solar PV based academic campus at MANIT – Bhopal, India. This advanced synthetic study includes PV generator modeling with parameters identification, an improved P&O (Perturb and Observe) algorithm with adaptive increment step and a detailed approach of DC-DC converter modeling. ), Inverter manufacturer. All the values entered in the simulation are in Indian Rupees and the results obtained are also in INR. I–V and P–V graph of solar PV module provide a broad understanding to researchers, manufacturers and social communities. Out of 100 GW solar energy, 40 GW would be through individual rooftop systems. This work is useful in modeling PV energy production systems. To compare the performance, the plant performance is simulated using SAM with all the parameters and components same as that of PVSyst simulation.There are various characteristics of the array, which are obtained from the SAM simulation results, which includes total number of strings, modules per strings, etc. SAM took a total number of strings to be 873 and total 22 modules per string. A CASE STUDY ON THE COBRADOR HYBRID SOLAR PV MINI-GRID AUGUST 2019. There are three inverters which can be used for the conversion of DC to AC. [11] studied the grid connected PV system for Pacific island countries with a case study of 45 kWp GCPV system located at the University of the South Pacific (USP) marine campus in Fiji. The developed model is integrated with DC-DC boost converter with closed-loop control of maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm. The current statistical data of India shows that there is a need for rapid transformation in the energy sector and this cannot be achieved using conventional methods. Array operating characteristics (50°C) are Umpp 591 V and Impp 7609 A. Degradation rate for the panel is taken to be 0.5%/year. Literature Review Performance Evaluation of SPV Plant Solar Insolation availability SPV system Simulation Software SPV Technology Energy Systems Engineering 9 10. In the month of March, produced energy is found to be just below 5.5 kWh/kWp/day. In this work two different software's are used to compare the simulation results obtained for the proposed 5 MW solar PV plant. Modeling and simulation of boost converter for solar-PV energy system to enhance its output Abstract: The concerns for environment due the ever increasing use of fossil fuels and rapid depletion of this resource have led to the development of alternative source of energy such as solar energy. Doppelintegral GmbH, located in Stuttgart, Germany, has released the software INSEL 8.2 including the Renewable Energy Blockset for MATLAB and Simulink.As the software has more than 300 blocks out of photovoltaics, solar thermal energy and energy meteorology, MATLAB and Simulink users can now professionally plan, monitor and control renewable energy systems. The energy output of the system was simulated with SolarGIS pvPlanner software program. For the purpose of analysis of energy consumption pattern, monthly electricity bill issued by the state electricity department are assessed for the financial year 2015–16. Photovoltaic System. Solar PV GHG emissions are due to the energy spent during the manufacturing of the panels . Search for other works by this author on: Renewable energy system GHG emissions are attributed to the indirect emissions and do not cause any direct emissions [, Modelling and performance simulation of 100MW LFR based solar thermal power plant in Udaipur, India, Design, simulation and economic analysis of standalone rooftop solar PV system in India, Thermal modeling, exergy analysis, performance of BIPV and BIPVT: a review, Simulation and performance analysis of 110 kWp grid-connected photovoltaic system for the residential building in India: a comparative analysis of various PV technology, Design and assessment of solar PV plant for girl's hostel (GARGI) of MNIT University, Jaipur city: a case study, A case study of the residential solar photovoltaic system with utility back up in Nagpur, India, Performance evaluation of 10 MW grid connected solar photovoltaic power plant in India, Economic feasibility of campus-wide photovoltaic systems in New England, Grid-connected PV systems in the Pacific Island countries, Recent developments of solar energy in India: perspectives strategies and future goals, Comparative study of isotropic and anisotropic sky models to estimate solar radiation incident on tilted surface: a case study for Bhopal, India, Exergetic analysis of building integrated semitransparent photovoltaic module in clear sky condition at Bhopal India, Carbon mitigation potential of Jatropha Biodiesel in Indian context, Mathematical modelling of solar radiation incident on tilted surface for photovoltaic application at Bhopal, MP, India, Floating photovoltaic power plant: a review, Modelling and estimation of photosynthetically active incident radiation based on global irradiance in Indian latitudes. There is an urgent need to employ renewable energy in every possible form and move toward the sustainable energy sector. The latitude of the site, i.e. Detailed analysis of 5 MW solar plant using PVSyst and SAM. For 1 MW plant, the area needed is ~5 acres, therefore for 5 MW plant, area needed is around 25 acres. Since most of the energy needs of the Institute are in the daytime, i.e. It is shown that payback period of the system is around 4.2 years and total life cycle saving of the system in terms of cash is around 137 crores and yearly savings comes around 5.5 crores/year for 25 years. The results obtained are according to the same input parameters for both PVSyst and SAM. Various subsystems and accessories: Mountings include structures on which panels, inverters and other accessories are placed. The fourth part of the figure shows the net metering credits earned by the system by supplying electricity to the grid. The present study has examined the technical and financial viability of the proposed plant by conducting detailed analysis using SAM and PVSYST. In addition, the ... from solar energy using Photovoltaic (PV) has emerged ... optimization of photovoltaic systems [2]. It is part of the group of publicly funded institutions popularly known as National Institute of Technology. © The Author 2017. Campus Energy Consumption from all locations is responsible for the following estimated PVSyst is commonly used and therefore, it is considered as a benchmark. ... DSS Distribution System Simulator EEN energy exceeding normal EMTP Electromagnetic Transients Program Solar photovoltaic modeling and simulation: As a renewable energy solution, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egyr.2018.09.008. The break-up of different costs based on the guidelines of Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC), India is shown in Table 7. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction analysis was carried out using RETScreen program simulation. The free area present in the campus is around 123.524 acres (0.499 km2). The wind and solar PV system are connected to the common load through DC/DC Boost converter. There are many software available for the design and analysis of Solar PV System, however most of them are not free … 1: Solar energy based Hybrid power system. MANIT has 650 acres of land and a lot of free areas is available within the campus. ... DSS Distribution System Simulator EEN energy exceeding normal EMTP Electromagnetic Transients Program In the present work, the modeling and simulation of a Solar Photovoltaic/Thermal (PV/T) hybrid system is carried out for 5 kWp using TRNSYS for electrical energy and thermal energy for domestic hot water applications. Werulkar and Prakash [7] analyzed energy saving option of solar PV in the residential sector at Nagpur, which is comparatively near to Bhopal, India. [5] performed the design and analysis of rooftop solar PV system for Hostel building at MANIT, and determined the payback period of 8.2 years. Long-term financial balance sheet (all values are in 1000 INR). The ELH or more generally tungsten-halogen bulb with dichroic filter simulator is a class C solar simulator because of a lack of energy in the 0.4 -0.5 p.m wavelength interval and too much energy in the 0.7 -0.8 p.m range. It is presumed as a sturdy package and helps to boost solar PV manufacturing sector. The proposed plant at MANIT campus can generate around 8000 MWh per annum of electricity to meet the 100% energy requirements of the campus with the annual reduction of 73 318.0 tonnes of carbon footprint. Annual electricity consumption of academic campus is analyzed. The following are the major conclusion from the study: This project is expected to produce 6 –8 GW of clean energy annually based on the SAM and PVSyst results. Energy Convers. Manage. Free mapping and area calculation tool, available at https://www.freemaptools.com/area-calculator.htm (5 December 2016, date last accessed). The University of Freiburg is one of the best Universities in Europe and has partnered with one of the world’s best research institutes in Solar Energy - Fraunhofer ISE - to provide innovative, insightful and tailored training. Moreover, the performance of PV module for real metrological data (irradiance and temperature) shows good results. From Table 5 and Figure 8, it is observed that the net electricity production is around 8304 MWh/year and this system does not supply completely to load or to grid. Integration issues need to be addressed from the distributed PV system side and from the utility side. The present paper presents a review for the work that has been achieved during the recent years in the field of PV systems, with emphasis on technologies, performance and economics. Shukla et al. In renewable power generation, solar photovoltaic as clean and green energy technology plays a vital role to fulfill the power shortage of any country. class A global and direct normal solar simulator. The cost of produced energy is coming out to be 5.48 INR/kWh. In terms of investment, PVSyst is considering the investment of 3.55% higher than the SAM investment. His experiences in solar energy: In 1978, he began with detailed studies of solar thermal systems and innovative energy systems in buildings, at the University of Geneva and several engineering companies. The inverters used are manufactured by ABB Corporation, having a model – ULTRA 1500-TL-OUTD-2-US-690-M/S-DNVKEMA. Annual electricity consumption of MANIT, Bhopal is analyzed and accordingly 5 MW capacity solar PV based captive plant is proposed. Whereas, capacity factor is found to be 13.77. A comparative study between different PV technologies as well as performance and economics has been done. The modeling and simulation of hybrid system along with the PI controllers are done using MATLAB/SIMULINK. Modeling, simulation and analysis of solar PV generator is a vital phase prior to mount PV system at any location, which helps in understanding the real behavior and characteristics in real climatic conditions of that location (Meflah et al., 2017). In addition to this, it is presumed as a sturdy tool to evaluate the performance of any solar PV modules. In the last 10 years, the levelized cost of electricity (LCoE) measure has lowered by 75% to USD 69/MWh (Jäger-Waldau, 2019). Learn online, next to your job and family. Energy and Power Engi- neering, 9, 71-85. Dawn S, Tiwari PK, Goswami AK, et al. There are 3 units of the inverter to be installed and the total power capacity is 4500 kWac. In 1992, he started to develop the PVsyst software for the study and simulation of photovoltaic systems. This plant will be able to reduce 173 318.0 tCO2 in its lifetime, which is a significant figure of mitigation of GHG emissions. It is found that, electricity from the system is maximum in the month of May, nearly 800 MWh and minimum in the month of January, less than 400 MWh. Higher educational institutes with a lot of free areas can play a vital role in reducing the conventional energy consumption and carbon footprint. This paper presents the application of controller hardware-in-the-loop (C-HIL) for real-time study of maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm in solar photovoltaic (PV) system. Design and Implementation of MATLAB-Simulink Based Solar Cell Modeling and PV System Design Exercises for Advanced ... MATLAB scripts and Simulink graphical simulation environment. This paper presents, a stand-alone hybrid Solar PV-Wind energy system for applications in isolated area. The total area of campus is 650 acres. Renewable energy system GHG emissions are attributed to the indirect emissions and do not cause any direct emissions [18– 21]. The performance of the hybrid system is evaluated under different wind speeds … India has a large potential of solar energy and most of this energy can be comparably easily tapped for sustainable development of the nation as well as the world. Energy storage has the potential to solve those issues although its technical, economic, and environmental impact is up for debate. The total number of solar panels is 19 206, and total area occupied by panels is found to be 31 248 m2. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. The solar module used for simulation is based on polycrystalline one. Nearly, 220 MWh of energy is lost due to DC to AC conversion and transportation of electricity. In the literature reported, there is either economic or technical analysis for a large or small-scale PV plant, but simultaneous technical and economic feasibility analysis based on simulation software Solar Advisory Model (SAM) and PVSYST has not been carried out yet. Besides, photovoltaic (PV) system hardware prices declined to 80% in the last two decades. Since, the requirement of MANIT is ~3.664 MW, but to meet the total energy requirements and future growth, 5 MW solar PV based captive power plant is proposed. Total DC from one array is found to be 6.5 GWh and gross from the inverter is found 6.087 AC GWh, performance ratio is found to be 0.74, which is significantly lower than performance ratio found in PVSyst. The PV/T system consists of PV panels with a battery bank, inverter etc., and the thermal system consists of a hot water storage tank, pump and differential thermostats. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Due to the vast open area, there are ample spaces for the solar PV based captive power plant. It is one of the largest NIT's in terms of a number of enrolled students and in terms of vast area [2]. Published by Oxford University Press. In this context, a single diode equivalent circuit model with the stepwise detailed simulation of a solar PV module under Matlab/Simulink ambience is presented. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The average value of produced energy per month is found to be minimum in the month of August, which goes as low as just below 3 kWh/kWp/day, this is because of the rainy season and cloudy weather, but the losses are minimum in these months. Given that photovoltaic arrays are formed by modules in series, a fault in a single module affects the whole system. PVSyst software – general features, available at http://www.pvsyst.com/en (1 December 2016, date last accessed).

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